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MUSEUMS
 
 

 

Lviv History Museum 

Among Ukraine's museums, the Lviv History Museum is one of the oldest and richest in historical artefacts and cultural relicts. Its displays help visitors visualise and trace the historical past of the town of Lviv and the lands of Galicia from olden times to modern days.

 

 

The Museum's collections are housed in buildings Numbers 4, 6, 24 Rynok Square. These buildings house arhitectural monuments of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centures. The exhibits on the ancient and medieval history of western Ukrainian lands are available for observation at 24 Rynok Square. The materials, displayed there, provide information on the town's beginnings, activities of Old-Ruthenian Prince Danylo of Galicia, and help illustrate the fight of the Ukrainian people led by Bogdan Khmelnytsky. The struggle of the Ukrainian people for their national identity and statehood in the 19th - 20th centuries is illustrated by the exhibits featuring Ukraine's Modern History events, which are on display in buildings No 4 Rynok Square. The Royal Chambers of building No 6 Rynok Square preserve and exhibit historical valuables, comprised of 18th-century furniture and clocks, silver artefacts, a unique collection of decorations and medals, and other items.

 


 

The Lviv Art Gallery

(The Lviv Art Gallery (called the Lviv Picture Gallery till the fourth of February 1998) is the biggest artistic museum of Ukraine where unique works of painting, sculpture, graphic, decorative-applied art of West and East European countries from the Middle Ages to modernity are collected. The total number of exhibits of the collection is over fifty thousand. At the beginning of 1907 the collection of West European art by I. Yakovych, Ukrainian sugar magnate was bought by means of town council. On the fourteenth of February 1907 Yakovych's collection was moved to Lviv and this date is considered to be the day of foundation of the museum. In 1914 the building n.3 in Stefanyk Street (former Ossoliriski Street) was bought for the gallery. This house belonged to W. Loziriski, a professor of Lviv University, a historian and a collector. There preserved the interiors decorated in the late 19th c. - the so-called salon with stucco moulding, for instance.

 


 

The National Museum in Lviv


It is one of the most significant museums of Ukraine, the reserves of which amount to over 130 thousand units of keeping. The collection was laid in 1905 as a private foundation by the Metropolitan Andrey Sheptyts'kyi, named "The Church Museum". Icon-paintings, which numbers four thousand units kept, are the substance of the collection. An important one is the collection of folk sacral sculpture. It is unrivalled in quality and artistic values. At the same time the museum funds keep masterpieces of European artists too: Pinsel, Polejowski, Filevych and others. A set of Ukrainian folk and professional engraving of the 17-18th c. is of great value (about 1 thousand units of keeping). The collection of manuscripts and printed incunabula* from the Cyrillic ones to rare multiillus-trated publications of the 18th c. such as Cracow publications by Schweipolt Fiol (1491-1493), Prague and Vienna printings by Francisk Skoryna, almost every Ivan Fedorov's publications deserve special attention too. Relics of the 13-16th c. are in the collection of manuscript books. The best works from the museum collections are fittingly represented at the permanent display of the museum. In the museum halls in 20, Svobody Avenue the exhibition of old-Ukrainian art and the art of the 19th - early 20th c. is placed. (Opened every day, except Friday, tel.: 74-22-82, 72-89-60).

 


 

The Museum of Ethnography and Crafts


The Museum of Ethnography and Crafts is one of the most specialized ethnography museums of Europe and one of the richest artistic depositories of decorative-applied art of Ukraine. About 85 thousand relics are kept in its funds. The history of the museum originates in 1874, when the city Industrial Museum was established in Lviv. Now the museum is placed in two houses. Constant exhibition developed in the main building (15, Svobody Avenue) has the departments of material and spiritual culture of our people: household occupations, folk artistic trades, interiors of folk dwelling of different ethnographic regions of Ukraine. In the Furniture and Porcelain Museum (10, Rynok Square) there are exposed Ukrainian and European furniture, textile, tapestries, metal, porcelain, faience from the Renaissance to the early 20th c. The prevailing place among ethnographic sets is taken by the collection of folk clothes. The fund is organically supplemented with enormous (over 18 thousand sets) collection of Ukrainian embroidery. More than a hundred homespun Ukrainian carpets and European tapestries of the 17th - early 20th c. are kept in the textiles fund. Armenian carpets of the 17-19th c. and Jewisch cult and applied textiles are in the collection too. The only in Ukraine set of Coptic textiles* is especially unique.


 

The Pharmacy Museum


The Pharmacy Museum - 2, Drukars'ka Street; tel.: 72-00-41. Opening hours from 9 a.m to 7 p.m.; on Saturday and Sunday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Founded in 1735 the pharmacy exists in this house since 1775. In 1966 a museum was opened here, reconstructed and extended in 1985. It amounts to over 8 thousand exhibits. The halls of the main building* are decorated with wall paintings of Vienna masters of the early 19th c. with stained-glass windows of the 19th c, sculptural busts of medicians of the past. Ancient crockery, packaging of medicine and prescription registers are kept in oak carved cupboards of the late 17 - early 19th c. In the restored ancient pharmaceutical laboratory there is a collection of rare medicinal herbs. In the restored Renaissance wing of the 17th c. the decorative door leads to the alchemical laboratory. In the basement one can taste medicinal "iron wine".

 


 

The Lviv National Museum Of Ukrainian Art


The Lviv National Museum of Ukrainian Art was founded in 1905. The history of its creation is linked with the extensive democratic movement in Western Ukraine for national and social liberation, and for the Ukrainians' right to their own culture. A leading role in the foundation of the museum was played by Ivan Franko, artist Ivan Trush, ethnographers Volodymyr Hnatyuk, Filaret Kolessa and others as well as by Illarion Svientsitsky, the museum's first director, an eminent Slavist, art historian and specialist in the theoretical and practical aspects of running a museum.

 

The 14-th - 18-th century Ukrainian art section is one of the museum's richest, graphically demonstrating the uniqueness vivid national unigueness of Ukrainian icon-painting, and its original contribution to the general Slavic art treasury. The best examples of the 14-th - 18-th century Halician icons meet the highest historical and artistic criteria.

 

The 16-th - 18-th centuries the popular masses of Western Ukraine created their own democratic culture which greatly influenced many spheres of professional art. The 19-th and early 20-th centuries Ukrainian figurative art section, a considerable part of which was collected over the last few decades, includes works by illustrious Ukrainian poet, artist and founder of realistic art in Ukraine, Taras Shevchenko, including his Self-portrait and etchings.

 

The crucial step towards democratic and realistic art was made by the generation who reached maturity at the turn of the century and who were headed by Ivan Trush, Olena Kulchytska and Olexa Novakivsky. The creative efforts of Ivan Trush, Olena Kulchytska and Olexa Novakivsky were supported by the other contemporary Western Ukrainian artists.

 

They included Anton Manastyrsky whose works have been highly popular for over fifty years. Very many of the works on exhibit are by Lviv artists and sculptors. By tradition, the Lviv school is primarily realistic and in consonance with the people's inner needs. There are many works by Lviv graphic artists and sculptors on exhibit in other museums of Ukraine but only the collection of the Lviv National Museum of Ukrainian Art and the Picture Gallery in Lviv enable us to get fully acquainted with these masters' achivements.

 

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